Did you know that the humble mushroom is not only a tasty and versatile addition to your meals but also good for you? In this blog post, we'll explore everything there is to know about mushrooms, from their health benefits to the different types available. By the end of this post, you'll be an expert on all the types of mushrooms that would be an excellent addition to your cooking!


What are Mushrooms?

The fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus that normally grows above ground, on soil, or in its food supply is known as a mushroom. Fungi, which include mushrooms, like damp, gloomy places to develop. They are often used in cooking as they add a unique flavor to dishes while also being low in calories. While most people think of mushrooms as being savory, they can also be used in sweet dishes such as cakes and pies.


They can appear above ground (epigeous) or below ground (hypogeous), where they can be manually harvested. Numerous fungal species that are either farmed or gathered in the wild are classified as edible mushrooms. Common and easily grown wild mushrooms are frequently found in markets, while those that are more elusive (such as the highly sought-after truffle, matsutake, and morel) may be gathered on a smaller scale by private gatherers.


Health Benefits of Mushrooms

Mushrooms are a good source of vitamins and minerals, including selenium, potassium, and vitamin D that shield the skin from environmental damage-induced wrinkles and acne. They are also a source of fiber. Studies have shown that mushrooms may help boost the immune system, reduce inflammation, and even protect against some types of cancer. 

Mushrooms are a rich source of fiber, protein, and antioxidants while being low in calories.. They could also lower the chance of getting major illnesses including diabetes, heart disease, and Alzheimer's.


9 Different Types of Mushrooms that Can Be Used in a Stir-Fry

Now that we know a little bit more about mushrooms, let's explore the different types of mushrooms available. Here are 10 different types of mushrooms that can be used in stir-fries: 

oyster mushrooms

1. Oyster mushrooms – These have a wide cap and are creamy white. They have a mild taste and are often used in Asian dishes.

shiitake mushrooms

2. Shiitake mushrooms – These have a distinct umbrella shape and are dark brown or black. They have a slightly smoky flavor and are often used in soups and stir-fries. 

cremini mushrooms

3. Cremini mushrooms – These are similar in appearance to white button mushrooms but have a darker brown color. They have a slightly earthy flavor and can be used as a replacement for meat in vegetarian dishes. 

portobello mushrooms

4. Portobello mushrooms – These have large caps with a diameter of around 4-6 inches (10-15 cm). They are dark brown or black with a rich flavor. They are often grilled or used as pizza toppings. 

maitake mushrooms

5. Maitake mushrooms – These have large caps with frilly edges and are brown or gray. They have a slightly sweet flavor and can be used in soups or sautéed dishes. 

enoki mushrooms

6. Enoki mushrooms – These have small caps with long stems and are pale cream or white. They have a delicate flavor and texture and are often used in salads or as garnishes. 

chanterelle mushrooms

7. Chanterelle mushroom: They have a meaty, trumpet-shaped appearance and are orange, yellow, or white. Chanterelles are often collected from the wild since they are hard to grow. They are delicate in flavor and texture and may be fried or sautéed in butter, oil, or cream. They go well with eggs, bruschetta, and as a beginning topping. They are also delicious in pasta, cream sauces, soups, and soufflés.

white button mushroom

8. Champignon mushrooms – These have small caps with smooth surfaces and come in various colors including white, cream, yellow, pink, blue, green, purple, or red. They have a firm texture and neutral taste making them ideal for use as an ingredient rather than as a standalone dish.

morel mushroom

9. Morel Mushrooms – These have cone-shaped caps with ridged surfaces and come in various colors including tan, brown, gray, black, or white. They have hollow stems and an earthy flavor making them ideal for use as an ingredient rather than as a standalone dish. 


Mushrooms offer endless possibilities when it comes to cooking - they can be baked, fried, sautéed, grilled, stewed, roasted, canned, pickled...the list goes on! Not to mention their health benefits; they're low calorie yet high in vitamins & minerals like selenium, potassium & vitamin D - perfect for satisfying hunger without packing on the pounds! So next time you're at the grocery store perusing the produce section, keep an eye out for these 10 different types of edible fungi...you might just find yourself pleasantly surprised!